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About Real

The Research Group Economics and Language (REAL) was hosted from 2011 to 2019 at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin in Germany.

During this period the members of REAL were:

  • Bengt-Arne Wickström
  • Michele Gazzola
  • Torsten Templin
  • Sabrina Hahm
  • Cyril Brosch

Since 2020, the group has been attached to the School of Applied Social and Policy Sciences at Ulster University. Michele Gazzola is the current coordinator of the group. In 2021, the group was renamed Research Group Economics, Policy Analysis and Language (REAL).

After the move, the group has become an open international network of researchers interested in the economics of languages and language policy. Researchers affiliated to the REAL network can publish their contributions in the multilingual REAL-working papers series.

New Events organised/ co-organised


Past Research Projects

The REAL group was involved in the following research projects:

Past Events organised/ co-organised






Our Researchers

Current Researchers
Name Main Affiliation
Michele Gazzola Ulster University
Daniele MazzacaniUlster University
Bengt-Arne Wickström Andrássy-Universität Budapest
Torsten Templin 
François Vaillancourt Université de Montréal and Fellow,CIRANO
Katalin Buzasi Radboud University Nijmegen
Ramon Caminal Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (IAE-CSIC) Barcelona
François Grin Université de Genève
Marco Civico Université de Genève
Till BurckhardtUniversité de Genève
Ainoa Aparicio FenollUniversità di Torino
Eva MarkowskyUniversität Hamburg

Former members

Reports and Publications

If you are interested in submitting a working paper in the REAL series, please download the guidelines.