Outcome Measurement

Information on outcome measurement for children with phonological impairment


1. Focus on the Outcomes of Children Under Six (FOCUS)
  • The FOCUS evaluates the effectiveness of intervention (i.e., pre- and post measures)
  • It evaluates the real world changes in the child's communication - Parent and SLT forms are available
  • It is available in a variety of different languages

2. Speech Participation and Activity Assessment of Children (SPAA-C2) (McLeod 2004)

3. The Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS)

  • Parent-report measure of intelligibility
  • Freely downloadable and is available in a variety of different languages

4. Therapy Outcome Measures (TOMs) (Enderby, John, Petheram, 2013)


NOTE: Other impact-based outcome measures are also available