Funded PhD OpportunityWearable Computing for Healthy Aging Communities
Subject: Computer Science and Informatics
The average life expectancy has been increasing significantly during the 20th century therefore there is a larger number of elderly people living in our communities. In Ireland, for example, 12% of the entire population are people over the age of 50 living in rural areas. With increasing age comes additional challenges and risks related to physical activity such as frailty and risk of falls. Qualitative and quantitative measures of physical activity can be used to assess risk and indicate the presence of conditions. For example, measures of physical function can be used as an indicator of frailty while measures relating to gait can be used to assess falls risk. Questionnaires can be used as a measurement tool, however these are highly subjective and are therefore limited in terms of accuracy. Quantitative techniques need to be developed, trialled and extensively tested. Wearable sensors have been shown to be effective for measuring physical activity and indicating the presence of particular conditions, however the majority of these systems require expensive lab based sensors and/or a health professional to be present in order to take measurements.
Assessing rural patients is particularly problematic where there is limited access to healthcare and resources [1-2]. Objective and accurate measures of physical activity that are feasible for assessing patients in rural communities, without the need for healthcare professionals to be present or for patients to travel, have not been adequately developed. Sensor based solutions deployed in the community to accurately and objectively monitor physical activity for indicators of health, such as frailty and fall risk, present a unique solution to this problem .
The overall aim this project is to utilize state of the art wearable sensor devices to objectively measure elderly person’s movement and/or activity; to extract objective indicators of health. Techniques used will include machine learning, signal processing and pattern recognition.
The overall objective is to develop a system that utilizes wearable sensors to extract indicators of health conditions in elderly, with screening taking place remotely in communities. This project presents an exciting opportunity to work with cutting edge wearable sensors and have a potential positive impact on elderly health. This PhD is in line with multiple priorities arising from the NI Programme for Government Consultation especially regarding developing and implementing new policies and strategies within future healthcare provision. Specifically it aligns with the need to prevent patients being admitted to hospital or care. This PhD proposal also aligns to Ulster’s 5&50 strategic research themes of Sustainability (Digital Futures/Computing) and Healthy Communities.
 Kelly, D., Curran, K. and Caulfield, B., 2017. Automatic Prediction of Health Status using Smartphone Derived Behaviour Profiles. IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics.
 Kelly, D., Donnelly, S. and Caulfield, B., 2015, August. Smartphone derived movement profiles to detect changes in health status in COPD patients-A preliminary investigation. In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (pp. 462-465). IEEE.
 Small, D., Connolly, J. Condell, J., Curran, K., Friel, R., O’Neill, A., Gardiner., P. A comparison of patient preference
- Upper Second Class Honours (2:1) Degree from a UK institution (or overseas award deemed equivalent via UK NARIC)
- Experience using research methods or other approaches relevant to the subject domain
If the University receives a large number of applicants for the project, the following desirable criteria may be applied to shortlist applicants for interview.
- First Class Honours (1st) Degree
- Masters at 70%
- For VCRS Awards, Masters at 75%
- Publications - peer-reviewed
Vice Chancellors Research Scholarships (VCRS)
The scholarships will cover tuition fees and a maintenance award of not less than £14,553 per annum for three years (subject to satisfactory academic performance). Applications are invited from UK, European Union and overseas students.
Department for the Economy (DfE)
The scholarships will cover tuition fees at the home rate and, for applicants with UK residence only, a maintenance allowance of not less than £14.553 per annum for three years. EU residents may also apply but, if successful, will receive fees only.
- Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
- School of Computing, Engineering and Intelligent Systems
Launch of the Doctoral College
Current PhD researchers and an alumnus shared their experiences, career development and the social impact of their work at the launch of the Doctoral College at Ulster University.Watch Video