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Funded PhD Opportunity

Handwashing facilities and usage in public restrooms

Subject: Architecture, Built Environment and Planning


Good hand hygiene practice is one of the most effective methods in preventing the spread of hygiene-related communicable diseases from person to person. It is a simple measure in the prevention of the spread of communicable diseases however previous studies have found that compliance in the general population is often poor.

There has been some work carried out to investigate the compliance and reasons behind non compliance in relation to handhygiene however very few studies have explored the provision of public restrooms and how the how the design and layout of public restrooms affects handwashing.

This study aims to bridge this gap in the knowledge in investigating the provision and usage of public restrooms handwashing facilities.

This proposed reach is building upon current funded research in hand hygiene and would avail of tools and techniques used in this work. Proposed research outcomes include disseminating key knowledge and findings that potential to raise standards of handwashing provisions and address barriers to handwashing in public restrooms. It is expected that findings will also inform how government policy could achieve better hand-hygiene standard through changes in the built environment (design and layout of public restrooms).

Essential criteria

  • Upper Second Class Honours (2:1) Degree or equivalent from a UK institution (or overseas award deemed to be equivalent via UK NARIC)
  • Clearly defined research proposal detailing background, research questions, aims and methodology



    The scholarship will cover tuition fees at the Home rate and a maintenance allowance of £ 14,777 per annum for three years. EU applicants will only be eligible for the fees component of the studentship (no maintenance award is provided).  For Non EU nationals the candidate must be "settled" in the UK.

Other information

The Doctoral College at Ulster University

Key dates

Submission deadline
Monday 10 June 2019

Interview Date
19 June 2019


Jordanstown campus

Jordanstown campus
The largest of Ulster's campuses

Contact supervisor

Dr Marie Vaganay Miller

Other supervisors


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