As highlighted by the recent deaths of 39 Vietnamese citizens whilst being trafficked into the UK, human trafficking is a growing transnational crime that can lead to the most serious of consequences for its victims. Human trafficking often involves the movement of persons through several transit countries, orchestrated by organized crime groups (OCGs). In the eventual destination country, victims may be exploited again by becoming further victims of sex trafficking. Most commonly, individuals became victims of human trafficking by word-of-mouth in their home country. In the recruitment and trafficking process, OCGs can exploit the secrecy and anonymity that is available through a range of online and digital technologies.
Particularly in the world of sex trafficking, the Internet presents ever-new opportunities to exploit increasingly more victims: OCG networks can operate remotely to “advertise” sex trafficking victims anywhere in the world. Use by OCGs of online forums, message boards and online classified advertisements provide opportunities for law enforcement agencies to identify possible human trafficking activity and the perpetrators within OCGs.
Due to the scale of the problem, the ability of OCGs to operate remotely, and the difficulties associated with victims of trafficking giving evidence, automated analysis of online activity is a critical weapon in the fight against human trafficking. The Modern Slavery Evidence Review (Home Office, 2013) identified that law enforcement agencies should move away from the perceived necessity of victim testimony and focus on other forms of evidence. As such, being able to build a digitally strong and forensically sound case to enable victimless prosecutions is vital. The online activities of OCGs in their trafficking operations results in digital footprints scattered across various web platforms; it is this information that can be used both for successful prosecutions and to better understand the “business models” that OCGs adopt and the ways in which they adapt to new technologies.
This project will develop software tools that can enable law enforcement agencies to analyse images, videos and text automatically on a large scale from the vast network of websites that advertise adult services. The tools will incorporate novel machine learning and data analytic methods to identify both geographical and temporal patterns and links between website postings.
Such website content and data are available openly on a massive scale on the Internet. Machine learning methods combined with image, video and text analytics will be developed to automatically identify similarities and patterns in the content and style of advertisements, which can reveal that the advertisements are being posted by OCGs. With little or no manual intervention large-scale information can thus be extracted rapidly in terms of clustering criminal activities, mapping where victims are being trafficked (often frequently and in groups), and locating and ultimately identifying the perpetrators. The supervisory team combines expertise in image, video and content analytics and machine learning with expertise in criminology, with particular research experience in combatting human trafficking and exploitation.
If the University receives a large number of applicants for the project, the following desirable criteria may be applied to shortlist applicants for interview.
The University offers the following awards to support PhD study and applications are invited from UK, EU and overseas for the following levels of support:
The scholarship will cover tuition fees at the Home rate and a maintenance allowance of £ 15,009 per annum for three years. EU applicants will only be eligible for the fee’s component of the studentship (no maintenance award is provided). For Non-EU nationals the candidate must be "settled" in the UK. This scholarship also comes with £900 per annum for three years as a research training support grant (RTSG) allocation to help support the PhD researcher.
Due consideration should be given to financing your studies; for further information on cost of living etc. please refer to: www.ulster.ac.uk/doctoralcollege/postgraduate-research/fees-and-funding/financing-your-studies
As Senior Engineering Manager of Analytics at Seagate Technology I utilise the learning from my PhD ever day
Adrian Johnston - PhD in InformaticsWatch Video
Friday 7 February 2020
Late March 2020
The largest of Ulster's campuses
When applying for this PhD opportunity please quote reference number: